Thesis on Oxidative Stress and "arteriosclerosis"

Paper title
Oxidative stress, NADPH oxidases, and arteries.
Abstract summary
NADPH oxidases are of critical importance in atherosclerosis and hypertension in animal models.
Authors
Qi-An Sun, M. Runge, N. Madamanchi
Journal
Hämostaseologie
Semantic Scholar URL
https://semanticscholar.org/paper/abbb31cf3bbdc5f86b2cd3f28753eba57f989790
Abstract

Atherosclerosis and its major complications – myocardial infarction and stroke – remain major causes of death and disability in the United States and world-wide. Indeed, with dramatic increases in obesity and diabetes mellitus, the prevalence and public health impact of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) will likely remain high. Major advances have been made in development of new therapies to reduce the incidence of atherosclerosis and CVD, in particular for treatment of hypercholesterolemia and hypertension. Oxidative stress is the common mechanistic link for many CVD risk factors. However, only recently have the tools existed to study the interface between oxidative stress and CVD in animal models. The most important source of reactive oxygen species (and hence oxidative stress) in vascular cells are the multiple forms of enzymes nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NADPH oxidase). Recently published and emerging studies now clearly establish that: 1) NADPH oxidases are of critical importance in atherosclerosis and hypertension in animal models; 2) given the tissue-specific expression of key components of NADPH oxidase, it may be possible to target vascular oxidative stress for prevention of CVD.

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